More than 10 gigafactories of batteries for electric cars: this is what Europe will need for 2025
Europe is a very attractive continent for the giants of the industry, which are already beginning to move sheet to install their electric battery factories . This is the case of Northvolt in Sweden , LG in Poland or Daimler in Germany . But the European Commission predicts that by 2025 the battery market will reach 250,000 million euros per year, so the old continent will need more than 10 gigafactories to be only ‘old’ in the name, and not at a competitive level.
2025: the key year
“We expect the battery market to reach 250,000 million euros by the year 2025. It is a very profitable market in which we really have to have a strong European presence.”
The year 2025 has been established as a key date ; it will then be when the production of electric cars in Europe is expected to increase. To meet the demand, Europe will need more than 10 battery gigafactories that must reach a capacity of more than 100 gigawatt hours (GWh) .
Recall that the Tesla gigafactory , in Nevada, once completed in 2020, will be able to produce 35 GWh per year, the equivalent of all the battery production of the rest of the planet’s suppliers. One GWh equals the generation (or consumption) of 1000 million watts for one hour.
According to the optimistic estimations of Brussels, the demand of electric batteries will reach 200 Gwh by 2020 , while the global demand will reach 600 Gwh.
Europe is working on establishing large-scale production capacities for the manufacture of batteries. Giants such as Volkswagen, Daimler, BMW and the Renaul-Nissan alliance have been aggressively adjusting their European production networks to meet the future demand for electric vehicles.
A map that never stops growing
As reflected in a study carried out by Automotive News, Renault-Nissan has 10 facilities in Europe that manufacture electric vehicles or key components for them, while Volkswagen has nine, followed by Daimler with eight and BMW with five. These models and their key components are manufactured in more than 40 different factories in Europe .
For now, we know that the South Korean LG Chem , specialized in the manufacture of lithium-ion batteries and applications for energy storage, has announced the construction of the largest battery factory in Europe . By 2018 it will have the capacity to produce more than 100,000 batteries per year. The chosen place has been Wroclaw, Poland.
Daimler also announced the investment of 500 million euros in the construction of a new battery plant for electric vehicles in Germany, which will start the production of batteries for commercial vehicles by the middle of 2018. Volkswagen also has plans in this country .
And a new player called Northvolt, with two exejecutivos of Tesla to the front , promises to produce in his Swedish factory 32 GWh to the year for 2023. A number that moves away enough of the forecasts of the European Commission.
VICTORIA FUENTES (https://www.motorpasion.com)